History Of Nepal :
Ancient Nepal was divided into many tiny principalities
and ruled by different dynasties. But its
present boundaries are expanded after many decades.
The history of modern Nepal began its evolution in the
sixteenth century with founding of the house of Gorkha by
Darbya Shah in 1559 AD. In 1769 Prithvi Narayan Shah, the
ruler of Gorkha unified these divers kingdoms and established
the general shape of the present borders of Nepal. The succeeding
Nepalese generations have recognized him as founding father
of the nation. Since that time Kathmandu has been the capital
of Nepal, which was, believe to be a lake in the ancient
period. He started the process of unification of Nepal.
By 1814 AD Nepal was stretching through the Himalayas up
to Sutlej River at the west and Tista River in the east.
The expansion process brought Nepal into conflict with the
British East India Company, resulting into Ango-Nepalese
war from 1814 – 1816. The wars lead to the treaty
of Sugauli there by bringing Nepal to its present sized
and border. After Kiratis, the Lichhavis as the second ruler
of the country began rule 4th to 7th century.
The Mallas were benevolent patrons of the arts and it was
during their reign that a ranaissance of arts, statues and
temples flourished. During the 147th century Malla ruled
this valley for a total period of 568 years. At that period
this country was divided into small principalities and kingdoms
of 24 groups in western and 22 groups in far western Kathmandu
valley was divided into three states of Kantipur, Lalitpur
From the tiny Kingdom of Gorkha, halfway between Kathmandu
and Pokhara the king of Shah dynasty gradually strengthened
and extended their power. In 1768 king Prithivi Narayan
Shah defeated the Malla kings and Nepal has been ruled by
Shah kings ever since. His Majesty King Gyanendra Bir Bikram
Shah Dev is the eleventh king in this shah dynasty.
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